Guidelines on how to refer to ELAN in papers and articles.

When citing ELAN as a computer program in a publication, the following APA style reference can serve as an example (adjust the version and release date):

ELAN (Version 5.0.0-beta) [Computer software]. (2017, April 18). Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. Retrieved from https://tla.mpi.nl/tools/tla-tools/elan/

In general, when mentioning ELAN in a paper, article or book please include the following information:

  • the URL: https://tla.mpi.nl/tools/tla-tools/elan/
  • the institute: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Language Archive, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • a reference to one of the following papers:
    • Sloetjes, H., & Wittenburg, P. (2008).
      Annotation by category – ELAN and ISO DCR.
      In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2008).
    • Wittenburg, P., Brugman, H., Russel, A., Klassmann, A., Sloetjes, H. (2006).
      ELAN: a Professional Framework for Multimodality Research.
      In: Proceedings of LREC 2006, Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Brugman, H., Russel, A. (2004).
      Annotating Multimedia/ Multi-modal resources with ELAN.
      In: Proceedings of LREC 2004, Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Crasborn, O., Sloetjes, H. (2008).
      Enhanced ELAN functionality for sign language corpora.
      In: Proceedings of LREC 2008, Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Lausberg, H., & Sloetjes, H. (2009).
      Coding gestural behavior with the NEUROGES-ELAN system.
      Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 41(3), 841-849. doi:10.3758/BRM.41.3.591.
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